Comparison Between FTL and LTL Logistics

Shipping rates, both FTL and LTL, are increasing due to the significant uptick in demand and associated changes in the sector. There has been a dramatic shift for shippers and operators due to rising expenses, decreasing weight per shipment, increasing volume, and severe capacity limits.

FREMONT, CA: Every shipper has unique demands and needs for their goods, which frequently vary with the ever-evolving consumer and supply chain business environments. Even in the cold chain industry, trucking companies transport items differently now that consumer needs are shifting toward greater online ordering.

Full truckloads (FTL) and less-than-truckloads (LTL) are the two categories of trucking loads, and shippers can hire either one based on their needs.

FTL refers to shipments occupying a substantial space in a delivery truck, with the driver presumably traveling to one or a few destinations. FTL trucks may make stops en route to their destination. However, these are often shipments on a bill of lading traveling to a single destination and indicated by volume or weight capacity. These loads often exceed 32 linear feet in length, can weigh between 20,000 and 42,000 pounds, and comprise more than 20 pallets.

LTL trailers contain several shipments from various shippers to various destinations. Comparable to Uber's Pool service, but for cargo in trucks rather than passengers in cars. The destinations of these shipments are frequently in the same general direction, and the LTL transport technique brings them closer to the destination, but only sometimes all the way there. LTL freight typically consists of up to six pallets, weighs between 150 and 5,000 pounds, never fills a complete vehicle, and is priced according to the amount of space it occupies. Because these excursions involve multiple stops, the delivery time is lengthened.

FTL vs. LTL freight

Traditionally, shippers select FTL for large product shipments that warrant a logistics company's attention during the trip. Consequently, FTL shipments are often larger, more expensive, have a single destination, and are documented on a single bill of lading. While the total cost of the shipping is greater than that of an LTL, the unit cost is typically less, similar to buying in bulk as a consumer. Due to fewer stops, the trip is frequently shorter, which is more convenient for the driver and less expensive for the transportation provider. FTLs require less product handling than LTL.

LTL shipments are frequently more expensive per unit, require more handling, occupy less space, and are part of numerous other shipments from multiple shippers and stops. It would be inefficient to undertake separate long-distance excursions for each tiny cargo; hence this form of shipment is useful when there are numerous shippers with many smaller loads to convey. Before reaching its final destination, an LTL shipment is frequently loaded and unloaded up to or more than five times in a single journey. Because of this, LTL delivery is less predictable, and there is a greater danger of damage.


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