Common Types of Sea Transport Used for Freight

LCL shipping is used for cargo loads that are too small to fit into a 20-foot or 40-foot container. Consolidated shipments are created by combining multiple loads from various shippers. One significant advantage of LCL shipping is that you only pay for the amount of goods you ship.

Fremont, CA: Ocean freight is the most widely used method of international cargo transportation. It entails transporting large quantities of goods on bulk carrier ships along global trade routes. Approximately 90 percent of products are transported by ocean liners.

Consider the advantages of ocean freight if your company is thinking about expanding into the international market or changing its transportation strategy.

Types of Sea Transport

Ocean transportation has both advantages and disadvantages. Nevertheless, before you consider the benefits, you should first understand the various ocean shipping options. Sea freight is classified as follows:

Less Than Container Load (LCL)

LCL shipping is used for cargo loads that are too small to fit into a 20-foot or 40-foot container. Consolidated shipments are created by combining multiple loads from various shippers. One significant advantage of LCL shipping is that you only pay for the amount of goods you ship. It is an excellent way for smaller businesses to benefit from competitive freight rates.

Roll on Roll off (RORO)

Wheeled vehicles are rolled on and off cargo ships rather than loaded and unloaded in containers.

Full container load (FCL)

The shipper pays for one or more containers to transport their goods via FCL shipping. Consolidation and deconsolidation are not involved in FCL shipping. This can reduce the cost of the shipment, make it faster, and reduce the risk of product damage. It is also more secure, reducing the possibility of theft and product tampering.

Breakbulk

The hold of a ship isn't just for dry bulk goods. It also stores heavy-duty, bulky items that are too large to fit into intermodal containers. Steel girders and other large fabricated items must be transported in the ship's hold for long distances to avoid potential damage.

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